International Journal of Asian Social Science

Published by:
Asian Economic and Social Society 

Online ISSN: 2224-4441
Print ISSN: 2226-5139
Total Citation: 940

No. 3

The Perceptions of Mothers on the Use of Non- Skilled Maternal Healthcare in Kenya

Pages: 259-270
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The Perceptions of Mothers on the Use of Non- Skilled Maternal Healthcare in Kenya

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.259.270

Jane Strapola Awuor -Mala , Careena Flora Otieno-Odawa , Alexina Mayumbelo Sitimela

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(2017). The Perceptions of Mothers on the Use of Non- Skilled Maternal Healthcare in Kenya. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 259-270. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.259.270
Forty three percent (43%) of deliveries in Kenya takes place under the supervision of skilled attendants. But the Nyanza province in Western Kenya still registers lower proportions of facility deliveries (34 percent). But in Siaya district of the Nyanza province, only 30 percent of mothers utilize skilled maternal health care. A sequential exploratory mixed study was conducted in Uranga, North Alego and Karemo divisions of Siaya district and interviewed 1197 mothers who had home deliveries a year prior to the study. Another 11 key informants were interviewed  comprising  community specialists in  the  Luo traditional maternal healthcare medicine, skilled health workers serving  in the facilities  located in  each of the three divisions; traditional Luo medicine men and women; and religious maternal health care providers  who also doubled as spiritual overseers within their divisions. The objective of the study was to establish the perceptions of mothers on the use of non-skilled maternal healthcare. The study established the frequencies and the effect size of the selected variables whose relationships were measured  and indicated by the p value of the Wald statistics in a multinomial regression model. The Wald chi-square p value <0.05 indicated significant results while qualitative data was manually analyzed by condensing and organizing responses in meta cards, teasing them out into common themes and then clustering them in tandem with the  objective of the study. Each cluster was partitioned and coded (from a code list, which the researcher and the team developed) then the emerging phrases were summarized, compressed and assembled to draw conclusions and recommendations. The study found that as long as the skilled maternal healthcare system  remain ineffective in  providing  accepted remedies related to correcting and reversing taboos, abominations, curses and  healing  the spiritual  being  of the mothers, then the mothers will  continue utilizing the non skilled maternal care.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the opinions of mothers on the use of non-skilled maternal health care. Most papers have focused on the use of skilled attendants and have not effectively interrogated the opinions of women on why they specifically use non-skilled care.

A Study on Determining the Influence of Organizational Identification on Organizational Justice and Organizational Silence

Pages: 242-258
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A Study on Determining the Influence of Organizational Identification on Organizational Justice and Organizational Silence

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.242.258

Hilal BARAN , Ceren GÄ°DERLER

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(2017). A Study on Determining the Influence of Organizational Identification on Organizational Justice and Organizational Silence. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 242-258. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.242.258
This study aims at determining how the organizational identification levels of individuals affect their organizational justice perception and organizational silence behavior. The research was performed with contribution of 213 people employed at two five-star hotels located at the province of Afyonkarahisar. The relationships and interactions among the variables of the study were determined through testing the structural regression models established at YEM. The regression models were confirmed as a result of the analyses and statistically significant relationships were observed among the variables. It was determined that organizational identification has significant and positive effects on the distributive justice, procedural justice and interactional justice dimensions of organizational justice. Besides, the research results revealed that organizational identification has negative significant effect on acquiescent and defensive silence dimensions of organizational silence, while it has positive significant effect on prosocial silence.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated on the impact of identification over justice and silence. In addition, this research contributing in the existing literature that is found to have significant relations between research variables.

An Investigation of Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Style with Organizational Commitment among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Staffs

Pages: 234-241
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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.234.241

Dargahi H , Nasrollahzaedeh Abdochalli K , Rahmani H

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(2017). An Investigation of Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Style with Organizational Commitment among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Staffs. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 234-241. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.234.241
Introduction: Spiritual Leadership is essential due to various issues among leaders. To meet the changing and challenging demands of their environment in the twenty – first century. This research was aimed to determine the relationship between spiritual leadership and organizational commitment of staffs in the headquarter sections of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS).  Methods: The present research was cross sectional, descriptive and analytical study which was induced at 2015. The sample size of this study consisted of 150 staffs. Data collected using the questionnaires of Fry spiritual leadership and organizational commitment assessment by Meyer and Allen and analyzed by SPSS software. Findings: There was a significant relationship between spiritual leadership with organizational commitment. Conclusion: Spiritual leadership brings about organizational commitment in order to satisfy staffs’ needs and expectations, and reveal their potential abilities by attempting to achieve organizational goals.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature is to add the body of knowledge about organizational behavior, specially organizational commitment of the staffs. This study documents the spiritual leadership is an important factor for improvement of organizational commitment of staffs, but it is not the only way.

Human Rights and Police Supervision Model: Indonesias Case

Pages: 226-233
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Human Rights and Police Supervision Model: Indonesias Case

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.226.233

Muradi .

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(2017). Human Rights and Police Supervision Model: Indonesias Case. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 226-233. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.226.233
This paper will discuss two issues related to poor implementation of human rights by Police, based on four measuring analyzes of human rights implementation based on role and function as follow: the use of violence, human rights violations, act of disparage and militaristic culture in Police tasks. This paper also argues that human rights implementation in the Police are still not fully guaranteed and improved. This is due to four reasons: prolonging police culture, inappropriate police discretion, the role of Precinct as key implementer of police policies, as well as the improper role of Police as state-agency of violence in term of implementation. The second issue of this paper is a model of police supervision in order to be effectively implements Human Rights for Police in performing tasks, roles and functions to serve the public.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper is contributing to part of strengthen the implementation of democratic policing, which adopt the values of human rights is part of the democratic affirmation of how policing is run. So far strengthening discourse on the implementation of the values of human rights is reflected in the extent of the curriculum and implementations in the police, as it’s a mirror for the presence of the police at this time as part of the scheme to be integrated in democratic governance.

Teaching-Learning Model of Islamic Education at Madrasah Based on Mosque in Singapore

Pages: 218-225
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Teaching-Learning Model of Islamic Education at Madrasah Based on Mosque in Singapore

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.218.225

Citation: 1

Ishomuddin . , Scanif Bin Mokhtar

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(2017). Teaching-Learning Model of Islamic Education at Madrasah Based on Mosque in Singapore. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 218-225. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.218.225
The purpose of this research is (1) to know the characteristic of method in teaching-learning done by alumni of Middle East in Islamic education, (2) To describe the use of traditional method in teaching-learning done by alumni of Middle East, and (3) to describe the reasons of  the use of traditional method in teaching-learning in Islamic education. This research was done using qualitative  approach. The data collection method is in-depth interview, observation, and documentation.  After doing the research, it can be summarized that the teaching-learning model  of Islamic education for students or the Muslim community in Singapore are as follows: (1) Since the first Alumni Middle East prefer to use traditional methods (lecture). (2) Singapore classical scholars prefer to use traditional learning methods. (3) The public (including the lesson more) prefer the traditional method of lecture. (4) Singapore Islamic society  prefers to acquire knowledge through lectures.. (5) The traditional method is a way to provide more knowledge than by using other methods. (6) The method of discourse is more suitable than other methods of teaching Islamic education in Singapore. (8) The typology of Singapore Islamic society prefer to hear and understand the learning materials using the lecture method. (9) It has been felt that the traditional methods of teaching Islamic education is more precise than other methods. (10) Alumni of the Middle East are reluctant to use other methods because of the experience gained during the knowledge he learned in a lecture model.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated  about the condition of Islam and in particular Islamic education based on mosque in Singapore. The results of this study contribute  knowledge  in the form of information about  Islamic education.

Human Resource Planning in an Unstable Economy: Challenges Faced. A Case of State Universities in Zimbabwe

Pages: 206-217
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Human Resource Planning in an Unstable Economy: Challenges Faced. A Case of State Universities in Zimbabwe

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.206.217

Mkandatsama Pride , Nyanhete Tatenda

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(2017). Human Resource Planning in an Unstable Economy: Challenges Faced. A Case of State Universities in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 206-217. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.206.217
In light of the economic environment prevailing in Zimbabwe, the study sought to explore the challenges posed by economic instability and the effect on human resource planning in state universities. The study was guided by the systems approach for human resource planning. Qualitative approach was used with a case study design. Purposive and convenient sampling was used to draw participants from the university. Data was collected using semi -structured interviews, closed and open-ended questionnaires as well as documentary analysis. Narrative format was used for data presentation while thematic analysis was used to analyse data. The study found out that HRP in state universities has been hampered by the country`s unstable economy as the deteriorating economic environment has caused reduced government revenue collection, high unemployment levels, financial illiquidity, low and costly business operation environment, high country debt compared to national income and financial budget cuts. This affected HRP as shown by salary and full time employment freeze, high brain drain, labour mobility, delayed salaries, low availed funds for staff development programmes, tenure, contact and sabbatical leave, high vacancy rates and low government financial support.  The study concluded that HRP is complex in an unstable economy as most HRP strategies and decisions require financial resources.  The study recommended state universities to review and integrate human resource planning policies to suit the unstable economy prevailing in the country. This can be done through merging University departments, engaging in part-time employment and outsourcing of non-core University functions.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature focusing on HRP. It seeks to widen knowledge on the challenges to HRP in an unstable economy. Several studies on challenges faced in HRP have been pronounced in academic literature. However this study places much emphasis on challenges faced in an unstable economic environment.

An Analysis of the Green Product Attributes that Entice Green Purchasing- A Study Done in Bangalore City

Pages: 199-205
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An Analysis of the Green Product Attributes that Entice Green Purchasing- A Study Done in Bangalore City

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.199.205

M.G. Saravanaraj , Sruthi Pillai

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(2017). An Analysis of the Green Product Attributes that Entice Green Purchasing- A Study Done in Bangalore City. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 199-205. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.199.205
Attributes related to green products plays a vital role in attracting the customers. It will also help the customers to differentiate it from the conventional products. The present study aimed to find out the factors that lead the customers to identify a product as green, what is the image they have about the green product, what category of green products they usually purchase and how they give weightage to conventional product and green product based on certain factors. A total 1061 samples were employed for the study through stratified random sampling. Statistical tools like mean score and correlation analysis were used. The survey found out that people consider ‘recyclable’ symbol as an important criteria while looking into a green product. It was observed that people go for different category of green products based on the frequency of exposure they get for that particular product. Respondents feel that green products create less harm to the environment when compare to conventional products.




Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies conducted in India which dealt with the perception of consumers towards green products and conventional products by applying the concept of gap analysis. This study can provide a better insight to the marketers about how consumers perceive each factor under green and conventional product.

The Use of Ceramic Product Derived from Non-Ḥalal Animal Bone: Is it Permissible from the Perspective of Islamic Law?

Pages: 192-198
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The Use of Ceramic Product Derived from Non-Ḥalal Animal Bone: Is it Permissible from the Perspective of Islamic Law?

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.192.198

Mohd Mahyeddin Mohd Salleh , Nurdeng Deuraseh , Irwan Mohd Subri , Suhaimi Ab. Rahman , Shuhaimi Mustafa , Mohammad Aizat Jamaludin , Yasmin Hanani Mohd Safian

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(2017). The Use of Ceramic Product Derived from Non-Ḥalal Animal Bone: Is it Permissible from the Perspective of Islamic Law?. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 192-198. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.192.198
A ceramic product derived from the bones of non-halal animal has become an issue for Muslims in terms of its status whether it is halal or haram. The status can be determined by scrutinizing the transformation process or namely as istiḥālah either a complete change (istiḥālah kāmilah) or an incomplete change (istiḥālah ghayr kāmilah). This research used the qualitative research method via the approach of document analysis to examine various opinions of classical and current Islamic jurists on the status of using ceramic products derived from the bones of non halal animal according to the Islamic law. The research discovers an alternative method of processing ceramic products from animal bones through istiḥālah. It is a transformation of filthy or haram materials into other materials which includes physical appearance and its properties such as odor, taste and color.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which investigated the non-ḥalāl animal bone which has been used in ceramic products from the Sharī’ah perspective. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that established istiḥālah; a principle of transformation of filthy or haram materials into other materials, can be applied as a legal method in determining the halal or haram status of a ceramic product.