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(2017). The Perceptions of Mothers on the Use of Non- Skilled Maternal Healthcare in Kenya. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 259-270. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/1.3.259.270
Forty three percent (43%) of deliveries in Kenya takes place under the
supervision of skilled attendants. But the Nyanza province in Western
Kenya still registers lower proportions of facility deliveries (34
percent). But in Siaya district of the Nyanza province, only 30 percent
of mothers utilize skilled maternal health care. A sequential
exploratory mixed study was conducted in Uranga, North Alego and Karemo
divisions of Siaya district and interviewed 1197 mothers who had home
deliveries a year prior to the study. Another 11 key informants were
interviewed comprising community specialists in the Luo traditional
maternal healthcare medicine, skilled health workers serving in the
facilities located in each of the three divisions; traditional Luo
medicine men and women; and religious maternal health care providers
who also doubled as spiritual overseers within their divisions. The
objective of the study was to establish the perceptions of mothers on
the use of non-skilled maternal healthcare. The study established the
frequencies and the effect size of the selected variables whose
relationships were measured and indicated by the p value of the Wald
statistics in a multinomial regression model. The Wald chi-square p
value <0.05 indicated significant results while qualitative data was
manually analyzed by condensing and organizing responses in meta cards,
teasing them out into common themes and then clustering them in tandem
with the objective of the study. Each cluster was partitioned and coded
(from a code list, which the researcher and the team developed) then
the emerging phrases were summarized, compressed and assembled to draw
conclusions and recommendations. The study found that as long as the
skilled maternal healthcare system remain ineffective in providing
accepted remedies related to correcting and reversing taboos,
abominations, curses and healing the spiritual being of the mothers,
then the mothers will continue utilizing the non skilled maternal
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the
opinions of mothers on the use of non-skilled maternal health care. Most
papers have focused on the use of skilled attendants and have not
effectively interrogated the opinions of women on why they specifically
use non-skilled care.
A Study on Determining the Influence of Organizational Identification on Organizational Justice and Organizational Silence
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(2017). A Study on Determining the Influence of Organizational Identification on Organizational Justice and Organizational Silence. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 242-258. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/18.104.22.1688
This study aims at determining how the organizational identification
levels of individuals affect their organizational justice perception and
organizational silence behavior. The research was performed with
contribution of 213 people employed at two five-star hotels located at
the province of Afyonkarahisar. The relationships and interactions among
the variables of the study were determined through testing the
structural regression models established at YEM. The regression models
were confirmed as a result of the analyses and statistically significant
relationships were observed among the variables. It was determined that
organizational identification has significant and positive effects on
the distributive justice, procedural justice and interactional justice
dimensions of organizational justice. Besides, the research results
revealed that organizational identification has negative significant
effect on acquiescent and defensive silence dimensions of organizational
silence, while it has positive significant effect on prosocial silence.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated on the
impact of identification over justice and silence. In addition, this
research contributing in the existing literature that is found to have
significant relations between research variables.
An Investigation of Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Style with Organizational Commitment among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Staffs
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Yuen, C.S., W.-C. Wu, C.C. Sheng, L.C. Tzu, K.J. Yuan, W.H. Ching, L.Y. Tz and S.I. Lee, 2015. Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effect on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff. BMC Health Services Research, 15(1): 1.
(2017). An Investigation of Relationship between Spiritual Leadership Style with Organizational Commitment among Tehran University of Medical Sciences Staffs. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 234-241. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/22.214.171.124
Introduction: Spiritual Leadership is essential due to various issues
among leaders. To meet the changing and challenging demands of their
environment in the twenty first century. This research was aimed to
determine the relationship between spiritual leadership and
organizational commitment of staffs in the headquarter sections of
Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Methods: The present
research was cross sectional, descriptive and analytical study which was
induced at 2015. The sample size of this study consisted of 150 staffs.
Data collected using the questionnaires of Fry spiritual leadership and
organizational commitment assessment by Meyer and Allen and analyzed by
SPSS software. Findings: There was a significant relationship between
spiritual leadership with organizational commitment. Conclusion:
Spiritual leadership brings about organizational commitment in order to
satisfy staffs needs and expectations, and reveal their potential
abilities by attempting to achieve organizational goals.
This study contributes in the existing literature is to add the body of
knowledge about organizational behavior, specially organizational
commitment of the staffs. This study documents the spiritual leadership
is an important factor for improvement of organizational commitment of
staffs, but it is not the only way.
Human Rights and Police Supervision Model: Indonesias Case
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(2017). Human Rights and Police Supervision Model: Indonesias Case. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 226-233. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/126.96.36.199
This paper will discuss two issues related to poor implementation of
human rights by Police, based on four measuring analyzes of human rights
implementation based on role and function as follow: the use of
violence, human rights violations, act of disparage and militaristic
culture in Police tasks. This paper also argues that human rights
implementation in the Police are still not fully guaranteed and
improved. This is due to four reasons: prolonging police culture,
inappropriate police discretion, the role of Precinct as key implementer
of police policies, as well as the improper role of Police as
state-agency of violence in term of implementation. The second issue of
this paper is a model of police supervision in order to be effectively
implements Human Rights for Police in performing tasks, roles and
functions to serve the public.
This paper is contributing to part of strengthen the implementation of
democratic policing, which adopt the values of human rights is part of
the democratic affirmation of how policing is run. So far strengthening
discourse on the implementation of the values of human rights is
reflected in the extent of the curriculum and implementations in the
police, as its a mirror for the presence of the police at this time as
part of the scheme to be integrated in democratic governance.
Teaching-Learning Model of Islamic Education at Madrasah Based on Mosque in Singapore
AIiff and Yusraini, 2014. A study on the strategies and practice of teaching among trainee teachers during the teaching training. Journal of Islamic Education, 2(1): 1-6.
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Fathiyah, M.F., H.A. Nor, H. Azimi and A.M. Lukman, 2013. Pemahaman dan pengalaman guru pendidikan islam menerapkan elemen amalan dalam pengajaran. Online Journal of Islamic Education, 1(1): 1-12.
Fathiyah, M.F. and S. Asmawati, 2014. Private islamic primary school teachers commitment in human capital development in Malaysia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy, 5(27): 766-773.
Hanani, N., 2013. Guru Cemerlang pendidikan islam. Online Journal of Islamic Education, 1(2): 18-30.
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(2017). Teaching-Learning Model of Islamic Education at Madrasah Based on Mosque in Singapore. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 218-225. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/188.8.131.52
The purpose of this research is (1) to know the characteristic of method
in teaching-learning done by alumni of Middle East in Islamic
education, (2) To describe the use of traditional method in
teaching-learning done by alumni of Middle East, and (3) to describe the
reasons of the use of traditional method in teaching-learning in
Islamic education. This research was done using qualitative approach.
The data collection method is in-depth interview, observation, and
documentation. After doing the research, it can be summarized that the
teaching-learning model of Islamic education for students or the Muslim
community in Singapore are as follows: (1) Since the first Alumni
Middle East prefer to use traditional methods (lecture). (2) Singapore
classical scholars prefer to use traditional learning methods. (3) The
public (including the lesson more) prefer the traditional method of
lecture. (4) Singapore Islamic society prefers to acquire knowledge
through lectures.. (5) The traditional method is a way to provide more
knowledge than by using other methods. (6) The method of discourse is
more suitable than other methods of teaching Islamic education in
Singapore. (8) The typology of Singapore Islamic society prefer to hear
and understand the learning materials using the lecture method. (9) It
has been felt that the traditional methods of teaching Islamic education
is more precise than other methods. (10) Alumni of the Middle East are
reluctant to use other methods because of the experience gained during
the knowledge he learned in a lecture model.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated about the
condition of Islam and in particular Islamic education based on mosque
in Singapore. The results of this study contribute knowledge in the
form of information about Islamic education.
Human Resource Planning in an Unstable Economy: Challenges Faced. A Case of State Universities in Zimbabwe
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(2017). Human Resource Planning in an Unstable Economy: Challenges Faced. A Case of State Universities in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 206-217. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/184.108.40.206
In light of the economic environment prevailing in Zimbabwe, the study
sought to explore the challenges posed by economic instability and the
effect on human resource planning in state universities. The study was
guided by the systems approach for human resource planning. Qualitative
approach was used with a case study design. Purposive and convenient
sampling was used to draw participants from the university. Data was
collected using semi -structured interviews, closed and open-ended
questionnaires as well as documentary analysis. Narrative format was
used for data presentation while thematic analysis was used to analyse
data. The study found out that HRP in state universities has been
hampered by the country`s unstable economy as the deteriorating economic
environment has caused reduced government revenue collection, high
unemployment levels, financial illiquidity, low and costly business
operation environment, high country debt compared to national income and
financial budget cuts. This affected HRP as shown by salary and full
time employment freeze, high brain drain, labour mobility, delayed
salaries, low availed funds for staff development programmes, tenure,
contact and sabbatical leave, high vacancy rates and low government
financial support. The study concluded that HRP is complex in an
unstable economy as most HRP strategies and decisions require financial
resources. The study recommended state universities to review and
integrate human resource planning policies to suit the unstable economy
prevailing in the country. This can be done through merging University
departments, engaging in part-time employment and outsourcing of
non-core University functions.
This study contributes to the existing literature focusing on HRP. It
seeks to widen knowledge on the challenges to HRP in an unstable
economy. Several studies on challenges faced in HRP have been pronounced
in academic literature. However this study places much emphasis on
challenges faced in an unstable economic environment.
An Analysis of the Green Product Attributes that Entice Green Purchasing- A Study Done in Bangalore City
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(2017). An Analysis of the Green Product Attributes that Entice Green Purchasing- A Study Done in Bangalore City. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 199-205. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/220.127.116.11
Attributes related to green products plays a vital role in attracting the customers. It will also help the customers to differentiate it from the conventional products. The present study aimed to find out the factors that lead the customers to identify a product as green, what is the image they have about the green product, what category of green products they usually purchase and how they give weightage to conventional product and green product based on certain factors. A total 1061 samples were employed for the study through stratified random sampling. Statistical tools like mean score and correlation analysis were used. The survey found out that people consider recyclable symbol as an important criteria while looking into a green product. It was observed that people go for different category of green products based on the frequency of exposure they get for that particular product. Respondents feel that green products create less harm to the environment when compare to conventional products.
This study is one of the few studies conducted in India which dealt with the perception of consumers towards green products and conventional products by applying the concept of gap analysis. This study can provide a better insight to the marketers about how consumers perceive each factor under green and conventional product.
The Use of Ceramic Product Derived from Non-Ḥalal Animal Bone: Is it Permissible from the Perspective of Islamic Law?
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(2017). The Use of Ceramic Product Derived from Non-Ḥalal Animal Bone: Is it Permissible from the Perspective of Islamic Law?. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(3): 192-198. DOI: 10.18488/journal.1/2017.7.3/18.104.22.168
A ceramic product derived from the bones of non-halal animal has become an issue for Muslims in terms of its status whether it is halal or haram. The status can be determined by scrutinizing the transformation process or namely as istiḥālah either a complete change (istiḥālah kāmilah) or an incomplete change (istiḥālah ghayr kāmilah). This research used the qualitative research method via the approach of document analysis to examine various opinions of classical and current Islamic jurists on the status of using ceramic products derived from the bones of non halal animal according to the Islamic law. The research discovers an alternative method of processing ceramic products from animal bones through istiḥālah. It is a transformation of filthy or haram materials into other materials which includes physical appearance and its properties such as odor, taste and color.
This study is one of the very few studies which investigated the non-ḥalāl animal bone which has been used in ceramic products from the Sharīah perspective. The papers primary contribution is finding that established istiḥālah; a principle of transformation of filthy or haram materials into other materials, can be applied as a legal method in determining the halal or haram status of a ceramic product.