International Journal of Management and Sustainability

Published by: PAK Publishing Group
Online ISSN: 2306-0662
Print ISSN: 2306-9856
Total Citation: 206

No. 1

Incorporating Pollution Taxes and/or Subsidies into Master Planning in Semiconductor Foundry Plants

Pages: 8-22
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Incorporating Pollution Taxes and/or Subsidies into Master Planning in Semiconductor Foundry Plants

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2017.61.8.22

Chi Chiang , Hui-Lan Hsu

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(2017). Incorporating Pollution Taxes and/or Subsidies into Master Planning in Semiconductor Foundry Plants. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 6(1): 8-22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2017.61.8.22
The continued development of manufacturing industries along with increasing greenhouse gas emissions has become a critical concern that forces mankind to reduce global warming. Given the long atmospheric lifetimes of Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), it is especially important to reduce the emissions of PFCs which are commonly found in the semiconductor industry. In this study, we propose four master planning models that incorporate pollution taxes, subsidies, and/or progressive pollution taxes into capacity allocation to examine the problem of anthropogenic PFC emissions. The results show that master planning with subsidies and/or progressive taxes provides more flexibility to a foundry plant than that with flat taxes only. Setting emission limits and considering taxation for master planning is the first step toward the success of an environmental policy. 

Contribution/ Originality
This study proposes four master planning models for the semiconductor foundry plants by using ecological taxation methods. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that the master planning models with subsidies and/or progressive taxes provide more flexibility to a foundry plant than the model with flat taxes only.

The Influence of Strategy Implementation on the Performance of Micro Enterprises in Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya

Pages: 1-7
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The Influence of Strategy Implementation on the Performance of Micro Enterprises in Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2017.61.1.7

Lilian Njeri Ngigi , Wilson Odiyo

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(2017). The Influence of Strategy Implementation on the Performance of Micro Enterprises in Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 6(1): 1-7. DOI: 10.18488/journal.11.2017.61.1.7
Two questions guide this research on the influence of strategy implementation to the performance of the micro enterprises in the Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya. The first is whether micro enterprises in Ruiru Sub County carry out strategic planning including strategy implementation.  The second is whether strategy implementation has any competitive influence on their performance. Most literature and research on strategic planning is on big firms (Pearce and Robinson, 2007). In Kenya strategic planning is relatively new and less common in small enterprises. Micro enterprises ranking at the bottom of the pyramid of businesses in Kenya are more likely to ignore it. Although they contribute heavily to service delivery and job creation many of them are handicapped in growth and expansion. Data was collected on a sample drawn from 737 micro enterprises from 3 different industries in Ruiru Sub County using descriptive research design. Stratified random sampling was used with a 20% sample size which was 147 elements. Data was collected from the micro enterprises’ owner-managers by use of self-administered or interview administered questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with computer software. The findings conclude that micro entrepreneurs in Ruiru Sub County make business strategies and implement them and strategy implementation significantly influences the performance of these micro enterprises. For the micro entrepreneurs who engaged in strategy implementation the average rate of success on the three performance variables of profits, business turnover and market positioning was 75% while those who did not implement strategy was 25%.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the importance of strategy implementation and its contribution to the performance of micro enterprises. The empirical evidence provided shows that where strategy implementation is carried out, there is a strong positive relationship between it and performance variables of profits, business turnover and market positioning.