T. Dogan, "The effects of psychodrama on young adults’ attachment styles," Journal the Arts in Psychotherapy, vol. 37, pp. 112-119, 2010.
B. F. Ebrahimi, "The effects of psychodrama on depression and mental state among women with chronic mental disorder, 18th European Congress of Psychiatry. February 27, March 2, 2010 - Munich, Germany," European Psychiatry, vol. 25, p. 1049, 2010.
F. Fakhri, H. Aghaee, and H. Khajehhosseini, "Studying influence of psychodrama on increase motional skills and listening memory of mentally disable with 55-75 IQ in range of 10-15 years old," Company of Combinability Country Magazine, 6 the Period (2), Chained 21, 2005.
R. Hadianmobarake, A. Noori, and M. Malekpoor, "Psychodrama and addiction," 16, Iran Medical Science University, Psycho Healing News Section; Elde Thesis of Nursing and Midwifery College, 2010.
C. G. Ellison, B. W. Anthony, N. D. Glenn, and E. Marquardt, "The effects of parental marital discord and divorce on the religious and spiritual lives of young adults," Journal Social Science Research, vol. 40, pp. 538-551, 2011.
K. W. Kwang, "The effects of being the protagonist in psychodrama," Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, vol. 55, pp. 115-127, 2003.
No any video found for this article.
(2016). Effectiveness of Psychological Empowerment in Promotion of General Health in Women-Headed Households. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 120-127. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/188.8.131.52
The current study aims at the survey of the psychological empowerment
efficiency in enhancing the breadwinner moms? general health. The
present study makes use of an experimental method and it is comprised of
the control and experimental groups. The study population includes all
of the family breadwinning moms who received protections from Imam
Khomeini relief foundation based in Shiraz County. The study population
was recalled through a public announcement. We also took advantage of a
randomized sampling method and finally 60 individuals were chosen as the
study sample volume. The study sample volume was divided into two
experimental and control groups. These were asked to complete the
general health questionnaire (GHQ), and then the experimental group
received an 8-session psychological empowerment training course and, in
the end, they were again requested to complete the general health
questionnaire (retest). In comparing the pretest and posttest results it
was made evident that holding cognitive empowerment training courses is
an appropriate method for elevating the breadwinning moms? general
health level. Knowing the high prevalence of divorcement, and/or the
husband?s death and/or the husband?s inability and the psychological
consequences followed by such phenomena it is hereby suggested that the
method proposed by the current study is qualified to be used for
reducing the female heads of the household?s negative psychological
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of psychological
empowerment in improving general health in women-headed households. The
results indicated that informing and entrepreneurship activities are
among the important and effective factors influencing the female heads
of the households’ empowerment.
What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia
CSA, "Annual Agriculture Sample Survey of Farm Management Practice Report," Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013.
MOARD (Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development), "Accelerating Ethiopian agriculture development for growth, food security, and equity synthesis of findings and recommendations for the implementation of diagnostic agriculture in Ethiopia," presented at the Regional Coordination Mechanism Coonference for Africa, Addis Abeba Ethiopia, 2014.
MOARD (Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development), "Ethiopia’s agricultural sector policy and investment framework (PIF), 2010-2020," Draft Final Report 15, 2010.
J. Pender and B. Gebremedhin, "Determinants of agricultural and land management practices and impacts on crop production and household income in the Highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia," Journal of African Economies, vol. 17, pp. 395-450, 2007.
M. Kassie, P. Zikhali, K. Manjur, and E. Edward, "Adoption of sustainable agriculture practices: Evidence from a semi-arid region of Ethiopia," Natural Resources Forum, vol. 39, pp. 189-198, 2009.
T. Beyene, "The impact of policy reform and institutional transformation on agricultural performance: An economic study of Ethiopian agriculture, developmen economics and policy," JMAS, vol. 42, pp. 313-342, 2004.
Haramaya Woreda Agricultural Office (HWAO), "Annual crop production and productivity report, Addis Abeba Ethiopia," 2014.
CSA, Population size by age, area and density by region, zone and woreda. Demographic and health survey. Statistical Agency Report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2011.
D. N. Gujarati, Basic econometrics, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc., 2003.
K. Tesfaye, "Household food insecurity in Dodoat-Sire District, Arsi zone: Coping strategies and policy options," MSc. Thesis Presented to Alemaya University, 2005.
M. Tefera, "Determinants of household food security and coping strategies: The case of Farata District, South Gonder zone," MSc. Thesis Presented to Haramaya University, 2009.
M. Takele, "Small-scale irrigation scheme utilization and farmers willingness to pay for irrigation water: The case of Bosha-01 irrigation scheme in Central Oromia," An MSc Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Haramaya University, 2008.
S. Abebaw, "Dimensions and determinants of food security among rural households in Diredawa, Eastern Ethiopia," An MSc Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University, 2003.
No any video found for this article.
(2016). What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 112-119. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/184.108.40.206
Improvements in the farm household?s income and identifying the factors contribute to its improvement is very critical for enhancing food and poverty reduction strategy of Ethiopia. The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors contributing to rural farm households? income differential in Haramaya district East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from 120 sample respondents in 2015 production year. The study was used linear regression model to identify contributing factors and the model output indicated that, irrigation use, livestock holding, education level of household head, cultivated area, age and amounts of fertilizer used were the significant variables that contribute to farm income differential in the study area. Therefore, the policy implication of the study is that, increasing and proper utilization of the aforementioned variable?s should have get due attention to speed up the enhancement of rural farm household income.
Enhancing crop and livestock incomes are critical strategic issue and doing all possible efforts to alleviate the ever increasing agricultural problems is, therefore, not an assignment to be left for tomorrow. In this endeavor, identifying main factors contribute to the households’ farm income has been taken as one important strategy to relieve agriculture from dependence on nature and thus improve its productivity. So, the result of the study would contribute to policy makers to design appropriate farm income diversification development strategies of the country in general and the region in particular. The result of the study would also help other researchers who need to conduct a research on related topics in the study area and elsewhere. The result also helps smallholder farmers to identify the effects of socio-economic factors on their farm income and take appropriate measures of developmental plan.