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(2016). Effectiveness of Psychological Empowerment in Promotion of General Health in Women-Headed Households. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 120-127. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/126.96.36.199
The current study aims at the survey of the psychological empowerment
efficiency in enhancing the breadwinner moms? general health. The
present study makes use of an experimental method and it is comprised of
the control and experimental groups. The study population includes all
of the family breadwinning moms who received protections from Imam
Khomeini relief foundation based in Shiraz County. The study population
was recalled through a public announcement. We also took advantage of a
randomized sampling method and finally 60 individuals were chosen as the
study sample volume. The study sample volume was divided into two
experimental and control groups. These were asked to complete the
general health questionnaire (GHQ), and then the experimental group
received an 8-session psychological empowerment training course and, in
the end, they were again requested to complete the general health
questionnaire (retest). In comparing the pretest and posttest results it
was made evident that holding cognitive empowerment training courses is
an appropriate method for elevating the breadwinning moms? general
health level. Knowing the high prevalence of divorcement, and/or the
husband?s death and/or the husband?s inability and the psychological
consequences followed by such phenomena it is hereby suggested that the
method proposed by the current study is qualified to be used for
reducing the female heads of the household?s negative psychological
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of psychological
empowerment in improving general health in women-headed households. The
results indicated that informing and entrepreneurship activities are
among the important and effective factors influencing the female heads
of the households’ empowerment.
What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia
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No any video found for this article.
(2016). What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 112-119. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/188.8.131.52
Improvements in the farm household?s income and identifying the factors contribute to its improvement is very critical for enhancing food and poverty reduction strategy of Ethiopia. The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors contributing to rural farm households? income differential in Haramaya district East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from 120 sample respondents in 2015 production year. The study was used linear regression model to identify contributing factors and the model output indicated that, irrigation use, livestock holding, education level of household head, cultivated area, age and amounts of fertilizer used were the significant variables that contribute to farm income differential in the study area. Therefore, the policy implication of the study is that, increasing and proper utilization of the aforementioned variable?s should have get due attention to speed up the enhancement of rural farm household income.
Enhancing crop and livestock incomes are critical strategic issue and doing all possible efforts to alleviate the ever increasing agricultural problems is, therefore, not an assignment to be left for tomorrow. In this endeavor, identifying main factors contribute to the households’ farm income has been taken as one important strategy to relieve agriculture from dependence on nature and thus improve its productivity. So, the result of the study would contribute to policy makers to design appropriate farm income diversification development strategies of the country in general and the region in particular. The result of the study would also help other researchers who need to conduct a research on related topics in the study area and elsewhere. The result also helps smallholder farmers to identify the effects of socio-economic factors on their farm income and take appropriate measures of developmental plan.