Journal of Asian Scientific Research

Published by: Asian Economic and Social Society 
Online ISSN: 2223-1331
Print ISSN: 2226-5724
Total Citation: 729

No. 7

Effectiveness of Psychological Empowerment in Promotion of General Health in Women-Headed Households

Pages: 120-127
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Effectiveness of Psychological Empowerment in Promotion of General Health in Women-Headed Households

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/2.7.120.127

Sedigheh Salmanpour , Horye Bayramnejad , Fahime Rajabi

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(2016). Effectiveness of Psychological Empowerment in Promotion of General Health in Women-Headed Households. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 120-127. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/2.7.120.127
The current study aims at the survey of the psychological empowerment efficiency in enhancing the breadwinner moms? general health. The present study makes use of an experimental method and it is comprised of the control and experimental groups. The study population includes all of the family breadwinning moms who received protections from Imam Khomeini relief foundation based in Shiraz County. The study population was recalled through a public announcement. We also took advantage of a randomized sampling method and finally 60 individuals were chosen as the study sample volume. The study sample volume was divided into two experimental and control groups. These were asked to complete the general health questionnaire (GHQ), and then the experimental group received an 8-session psychological empowerment training course and, in the end, they were again requested to complete the general health questionnaire (retest). In comparing the pretest and posttest results it was made evident that holding cognitive empowerment training courses is an appropriate method for elevating the breadwinning moms? general health level. Knowing the high prevalence of divorcement, and/or the husband?s death and/or the husband?s inability and the psychological consequences followed by such phenomena it is hereby suggested that the method proposed by the current study is qualified to be used for reducing the female heads of the household?s negative psychological outcomes.
Contribution/ Originality
This study was conducted to determine the efficacy of psychological empowerment in improving general health in women-headed households. The results indicated that informing and entrepreneurship activities are among the important and effective factors influencing the female heads of the households’ empowerment.

What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia

Pages: 112-119
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What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/2.7.112.119

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  1. NBE, "Annual Report," Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2013.
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(2016). What Factors Contribute to the Smallholder Farmers Farm Income Differential? Evidence from East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 6(7): 112-119. DOI: 10.18488/journal.2/2016.6.7/2.7.112.119
Improvements in the farm household?s income and identifying the factors contribute to its improvement is very critical for enhancing food and poverty reduction strategy of Ethiopia.  The aim of this paper is to investigate the factors contributing to rural farm households? income differential in Haramaya district East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from 120 sample respondents in 2015 production year. The study was used linear regression model to identify contributing factors and  the model output indicated that, irrigation use, livestock holding, education level of household head, cultivated area, age and amounts of fertilizer used were the significant variables that contribute to farm income differential in the study area. Therefore, the policy implication of the study is that, increasing and proper utilization of the aforementioned variable?s should have get due attention to speed up the enhancement of rural farm household income.

Contribution/ Originality
Enhancing crop and livestock incomes are critical strategic issue  and  doing  all  possible  efforts  to  alleviate  the  ever  increasing  agricultural  problems  is,  therefore,  not  an  assignment  to  be  left  for  tomorrow.  In  this endeavor,  identifying main factors contribute to the households’ farm income has been taken  as  one  important  strategy  to  relieve agriculture  from  dependence  on  nature  and  thus improve its productivity. So, the  result  of  the  study would  contribute  to policy makers to design appropriate farm income diversification development  strategies  of  the  country  in general and the region in particular.  The result of the study would also help other researchers who need to conduct a research on related topics in the study area and elsewhere. The result also helps smallholder farmers to identify the effects of socio-economic factors on their farm income and take appropriate measures of developmental plan.