Asian Journal of Energy Transformation and Conservation

Published by: PAK Publishing Group
Online ISSN: 2409-4293
Print ISSN: 2412-3390
Total Citation: 1

No. 1

Possibilities of Creating Swimming Pools with Zero Co2 Emissions Due to Energy Use in Them

Pages: 1-9
Find References

Finding References


Possibilities of Creating Swimming Pools with Zero Co2 Emissions Due to Energy Use in Them

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.81.2016.31.1.9

John Vourdoubas

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. M. D. G. Carvalho, M. Bonifacio, and P. Dechamps, "Building a low carbon society," Energy, vol. 36, pp. 1842-1847, 2011. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  2. D. Urge-Vorsatz, H. L. D. Danny, S. Mirasgedis, and M. D. Levine, "Mitigating CO2 emissions from energy use in the world's buildings," Building Research & Information, vol. 35, pp. 379-398, 2007. View at Google Scholar 
  3. Energy Efficiency in Swimming Pools, "Energy efficiency in swimming pools –for centre managers and operators, good practice guide 219, the department of the environment, transport and the regions’ energy efficiency best practice programme, Britain, 1997." Retrieved from http://www.cibse.org/getmedia/f36a292c-8eea-4610-b764-e23774a52cb9/GPG219-Energy-Efficiency-in-Swimming-Pools.pdf.aspx. [Accessed 9/1/2017], n.d.
  4. E. Trianti-Stourna, K. Spyropoulou, C. Theofylaktos, K. Droutsa, C. A. Balaras, M. Santamouris, D. N. Asimakopoulos, G. Lazaropoulou, and N. Papanikolaou, "Energy conservation strategies for sport centers: Part B. Swimming pools," Energy and Building, vol. 27, pp. 123-135, 1998. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  5. W. Kampel, "Energy efficiency in swimming facilities," Ph.D. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 2015.
  6. J. Vourdoubas, "Creation of hotels with zero CO2 emissions due to energy use. A case study in Crete-Greece," Journal of Energy and Power Sources, vol. 2, pp. 301-307, 2015. View at Google Scholar 
  7. J. Vourdoubas, "Creation of zero CO2 emissions hospitals due to energy use. Case study in Crete-Greece," Journal of Engineering and Architecture, vol. 3, pp. 1-9, 2016. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  8. L. Sarachaga, "Solar energy use in outdoor swimming pools-SOLPOOL, EIE -06-085." Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent/projects/sites/iee-projects/files/projects/documents/solpool_european_report_on_the_state_of_the_demand_and_potential_of_solar_heating_of_outdoor_swimming_pools_en.pdf. [Accessed 9/1/2017], 2008.
  9. J. T. Czarnecki, "A method of heating swimming pools by solar energy," Solar Energy, vol. 7, pp. 3-7, 1963. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  10. M. V. Mancic, D. S. Zivkovic, P. M. Milosavljevic, and M. N. Todorovic, "Mathematical modeling and simulation of the thermal performance of a solar heated indoor swimming pool," Thermal Science, vol. 18, pp. 999-1010, 2014. View at Google Scholar 
  11. I. G. Haraldsson and A. L. Cordero, "Geothermal baths , swimming pools and spas: Examples from Ecuador and Iceland," presented at the “Short Course VI on Utilization of Low- and Medium-Enthalpy Geothermal Resources and Financial Aspects of Utilization”, Organized by UNU-GTP and LaGeo, in Santa Tecla, El Salvador, March 23-29, 2014, 2014.
  12. A. Chiasson, "Residential swimming pool heating with geothermal heat pumps systems." Retrieved from http://www.oit.edu/docs/default-source/geoheat-center-documents/publications/heat-pump/tp117.pdf?sfvrsn=2. [Accessed 9/1/2017], n.d.
  13. S. Liu, W. Zhang, Z. Dong, and G. Sun, "Analysis on several heat pump applications in large public buildings," Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, vol. 3, pp. 136-148, 2015. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  14. A. Michopoulos, A. Tsikaloudaki, V. Voulgari, and T. Zachariadis, "Analysis of ground source heat pumps in residential buildings," in Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015, Melbourne, Australia, 2015.
  15. H. Lund and B. V. Mathiesen, "Energy system analysis of 100 % renewable energy systems-The case of Denmark in years 2030-2050," Energy, vol. 34, pp. 525-531, 2009. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  16. D. Connolly, H. Lund, B. V. Mathiesen, and M. Leahy, "The first steps towards a 100 % renewable energy-system for Ireland," Applied Energy, vol. 88, pp. 502-507, 2011. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  17. B. Cosic, G. Krajacic, and N. Duic, "A 100 % renewable energy system in the year 2050: The case of Macedonia," Energy, vol. 48, pp. 80-87, 2012. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  18. B. V. Mathiesen, H. Lund, and D. Connolly, "Limiting biomass consumption for heating in 100 % renewable energy systems," Energy, vol. 48, pp. 160-168, 2012. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  19. M. Balat and G. Ayar, "Biomass energy in the world, use of biomass and potential trends," Energy Sources, vol. 27, pp. 931-940, 2005. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  20. C. Bibbiani, F. Fantozzi, C. Gergari, C. A. Campiotti, E. Schettini, and G. Vox, "Wood biomass as sustainable energy for greenhouses heating in Italy," Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, vol. 8, pp. 637-645, 2016. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  21. A. Scognamiglio and H. Rostvik, "Photovoltaics and zero energy buildings: A new opportunity and challenge for design," presented at the 27th EU PVSEC, Frankfurt, Germany 2012, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2012.
  22. C. Good, I. Andresen, and A. G. Hestnes, "Solar energy for net zero energy buildings-a comparison between solar thermal , PV and photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) systems," Solar Energy, vol. 122, pp. 986-996, 2015. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  23. I. Visa, M. D. Moldovan, M. Comsit, and A. Duta, "Improving the renewable energy mix in a building towards the nearly zero energy status," Energy and Building, vol. 68, pp. 72-78, 2014. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  24. T. Tsoutsos, M. Karagiorgas, G. Zidianakis, V. Drosou, A. Aidonis, Z. Gouskos, and C. Moeses, "Development of applications of solar thermal cooling systems in Greece and Cyprus," Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol. 18, pp. 1-15, 2009. View at Google Scholar 
  25. EU Directive 2009/28/EC, "On the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources." Retrieved from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028&from=EN. [Accessed 9/1/2017], n.d.
No any video found for this article.
(2016). Possibilities of Creating Swimming Pools with Zero Co2 Emissions Due to Energy Use in Them. Asian Journal of Energy Transformation and Conservation, 3(1): 1-9. DOI: 10.18488/journal.81.2016.31.1.9
Swimming pools consume large amounts of energy compared with various buildings. Most of them utilize conventional fuels for covering their heating and electricity needs. Increase of their sustainability could be achieved with the replacement of conventional fuels with renewable energies. The possibility of using only renewable energies for covering all their energy requirements has been examined. Solar thermal energy, solid biomass and low enthalpy geothermal energy with heat pumps could cover their heating needs. Solar-PV energy could generate the necessary electricity in the pool. Investigation of the possibility of using different combinations of the abovementioned renewable energies in swimming pools indicate that they could cover all their energy needs zeroing their CO2 emissions and their carbon footprint due to energy use. These renewable energy technologies are also reliable, mature and cost effective. A case study in Crete, Greece has been implemented indicating that an investment in renewable energy systems of 1,072 to 1,474 € per m2 of pool would achieve reduction of 1,538 kg CO2 per m2 of pool zeroing their CO2 emissions. A significant decrease of the operating cost of the swimming pool due to lower fuel cost would be also achieved offering an attractive payback period of the investment.

Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes in the existing literature regarding the creation of swimming pools with low environmental impact due to energy use. It indicates the replacement of fossil fuels used in them with reliable and cost effective renewable energy technologies minimizing the CO2 emissions.