Energy Economics Letters

Published by:  Asian Economic and Social Society 
Online ISSN: 2308-2925
Print ISSN: xxxx-xxxx
Total Citation: 37

No. 1

Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Urbanization and Population: Empirical Evidence in Sub Saharan Africa

Pages: 1-16
Find References

Finding References


Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Urbanization and Population: Empirical Evidence in Sub Saharan Africa

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.82/2016.3.1/82.1.1.16

Citation: 2

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. Abimbola, O.M. and A.K. Bello, 2010. Does the level of economic growth influence environmental quality in Nigeria: A test of environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis. Political Journal of Social Sciences, 7(4): 325-329.
  2. Afzal, M., M.S. Farooq, K.H. Ahmad, I. Begum and M.A. Quddus, 2010. Relationship between school education and economic growth in Pakistan: ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration. Pakistan Economic and Social, 48(1): 39-60.
  3. Alagidede, P., G. Adu and P.B. Frimpong, 2014. The effect of climate change on economic growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa. WIDER Working Paper 017.
  4. Birdsall, N., 1992. Another look at population and Global warming. Policy Research Working Papers. No.1020. Washington DC: The World Bank. pp: 1-29.
  5. Canadell, J.G., C. Le Quere, R.M. Raupach and G. Marland, 2009. Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide. Focus/Progress Article Published Online on the 17th November 2009. Available from http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/global/pdf/pep/LeQuere_2009.Trends%20sources%20&%20sinks%20CO2.NatureGeo.pdf. DOI 10.1038/NGE0689.
  6. Cole, M.A. and E. Neumayer, 2004. Examining the impact of demographic factors on air pollution. Population and Development Review, 2(1): 5-21.
  7. Hossain, S., 2012. An econometric analysis for CO2 emissions, energy consumption, economic growth, foreign trade and urbanization of Japan. Low Carbon Economy, 3(3A): 92-105.
  8. Im, K., H. Pesaran and Y. Shin, 2003. Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels. Journal of Econometrics, 1153(1): 53-7492-7105.
  9. International Energy Agency, 2014. CO2 emissions from fuel combustion highlights. Available from http://apps.unep.org/redirect.php?file=/publications/pmtdocuments/-CO2_Emissions_from_Fuel_Combustion_Highlights-2014CO2_Emissions_From_FuelCombustion_Highl.pdf.
  10. Levine, A., C. Lin and C. Chu, 2002. Unit root tests in panel data: Asymptotic and finite sample properties. Journal of Econometrics, 108(1): 1-24.
  11. Liddle, B. and S. Lung, 2010. Age-structure, urbanization, and climate change in developing countries: Revisiting STIRPAT for disaggregated population and consumption-related environmental impacts. Population and Environment, 31(5): 317-343.
  12. Morales-Lage, R., I. Martinez-Zarzoso and A. Bengochea-Morancho, 2006. The impact of population on CO2 emissions: Evidence from European countries. Environmental and Resource Economics, 44: 497-512.
  13. Muhammad, S., L. Faridul and S. Muhammad, 2011. Financial development, energy consumption and CO2 emissions: Evidence from ARDL approach for Pakistan. MPRA Paper No. 43272. Available from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/30138/.
  14. Muller-Kuckelberg, K., 2012. Climate change and its impact on the livelihood of farmers and agricultural workers in Ghana. Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) Ghana Office. Available from http://www.fes-sustainability.org.
  15. Nguyen, T.A., 1999. Evidences of environmental kuznets curve from CO2 emissions in six-country analysis. Working Paper, Institute d’Economie et de Polique de l’Energie (IEPE) BP 47, 38040 Grenoble Cedex 09.
  16. Panayotou, T., 1993. Empirical tests and policy analysis of environmental degradation at different stages of economic development. Working Paper WP238 Technology and Employment Programme, Geneva: International Labour Office.
  17. Panayotou, T., 2000. Economic growth and the environment. Center for International Development, Harvard University, Working Paper No. 56, Environment and Development Paper, No.4.
  18. Park, J.Y., 1990. Testing for unit roots by variable addition, advances in econometrics: Cointegration, spurious regressions and unit roots. Eds., T.B. Fomby and R.F. Rhodes. Greenwich: JAI Press.
  19. Pesaran, M.H. and Y. Shin, 1999. An autoregressive distributed-lag modelling approach to cointegration analysis. Revised Version of a Paper Presented at the Ragnar Frisch, The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
  20. Poumanyvong, P. and S. Kaneko, 2010. Does urbanization lead to less energy use and lower CO2 emissions? A cross-country analysis. Ecological Economics, 70(2): 434-444.
  21. Saboori, B. and A. Soleymani, 2011. CO2 emissions, economic growth and energy consumption in Iran: A cointegration approach. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2(1): 44-53.
  22. Satterthwaite, D., 2009. Implications of population growth and urbanization for climate change. Paper Presented at Expert-Group Meeting on Population Dynamics and Climate Change, UNFPA and IIED, 24-25th June, 2009.
  23. Shi, A., 2003. The impact of population pressure on global carbon dioxide emissions, 1975-1996: Evidence from cross-country data. Ecological Economics, 44(1): 29-42.
  24. Zhu, Q. and X. Peng, 2012. The impacts of population change on carbon emissions in China during 1978-2008. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 36: 1-8.
No any video found for this article.
Frank Adusah-Poku  (2016). Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Urbanization and Population: Empirical Evidence in Sub Saharan Africa. Energy Economics Letters, 3(1): 1-16. DOI: 10.18488/journal.82/2016.3.1/82.1.1.16
Urbanization and population have been viewed as two of the major contributors to global CO2 emissions. This paper aims at examining empirically the relationship between urbanization, population and CO2 emissions in 45 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. This goal was achieved by using a panel data from 1990-2010 and the newly established pooled mean group (PMG) estimator for dynamic heterogeneous panels. This study is a contribution to the empirics of climate change which has been an ongoing debate over the past decades now. The study establishes that an increase in both urbanization and population significantly increases CO2 emissions both in the long and short run. Furthermore, the study finds that, CO2 emissions of countries with large population like Nigeria and Ethiopia tend to grow faster following energy consumption as compared to countries with small population like Cape Verde and Equatorial Guinea.

Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature and ongoing debate on climate change by using the newly developed heterogeneous panel cointegration techniques which have rarely been used to examine the impact of population and urbanization on CO2 emissions of SSA countries.