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(2017). Exploring Management Strategies for Freshwater Wetland: Policy Options for Southwest Coastal Region in Bangladesh. Asian Development Policy Review, 5(2): 70-80. DOI: 10.18488/journal.107.2017.52.70.80
Freshwater wetland plays a vital role in the national economy as well as
the sustainable environment, natural habitats and the ecosystems in
Bangladesh. Population explosion is still creating pressure on the
limited resources like land, forest, water and specially the freshwater
wetland. Over exploitation of resources, variety of economic, flood
protection or control embankments, polders, dams, regulators, irrigation
channels, dredging, settlements establishments like roads, bridges are
the major threat to the freshwater wetland land in the southwest coastal
Bangladesh. Thus, the sustainable management practices of existing
wetlands need to be taken into considerations to conserve these
resources. The wetland management strategies need to be directed at
enriching wetland habitats with the component biological resources and
also addressing the needs of the resident human population. Beel Dakatia
of Dumuria Upazilla in Khulna District with 60 sq. mile is almost in
the out of actions from agricultural productions, especially rice
production due to water logging. However, the mercy of logged water has
facilitated for fisheries, not properly or regularly managed. This study
is conducted to seek the suitable or possible, acceptable by the
different social groups, management policy options or guidelines that
may foster sustainable management practices.
The study contributes in the existing literature of freshwater wetland management strategies and policy options learnt from the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. The government initiatives and policy framework for wetland management are, in some cases, become impediments of sustainable wetland management in this area.