Naiwei Chen , Siting Yo
This study examines the relationship between government deficit and corporate liquidity (cash holdings). Using data of nonfinancial firms in Taiwan from 1981 to 2009, this study finds that corporate liquidity is lower when government deficit is higher. In addition, corporate liquidity is related with other macroeconomic conditions, such as inflation, short-term interest rate, and economic growth. More precisely, results indicate that inflation and interest rates have a negative impact on corporate liquidity that is aggravated when government deficit is higher. Economic growth has a positive impact on corporate liquidity, and such positive impact is weakened when government deficit is higher.
Biswajit Maitra , C. K. Mukhopadhyay
The relation between money and price has unique relevance in price stability. Rational expectations theorists hold that both anticipated and unanticipated money supply affect price level. This paper addresses this issue and enquires if anticipated and unanticipated money supplies have any role in the variations in whole sale and consumer prices (WPI & CPI) in India over the period 1992:Q1 to 2010:Q3. It is found that both anticipated and unanticipated money supply shocks cause rise in WPI and CPI inflation and justifying the rational expectations proposition. Price level, therefore, can be stabilized through appropriate monetary management.
Abdelaziz HAKIMI , Helmi HAMDI , Mouldi DJELASSI
The aim of this paper is to analyze the determinants of the non-interest income for the Tunisian context by the use of data of 10 Tunisian deposit banks. Our sample is observed during the period 1998-2009. Using panel data estimation; our findings reveal that the information and communication technologies adoption and the banking characteristics are the main influential factors shaping the tendency of non-interest income in Tunisia.
Bayoudh Feker , Houfi Mohamed Ali , Tissaoui Kais , Zamouri Sana
The purpose of this paper is to provide that the explanation of excessive volatility can be only done through an attentive description of the psychological aspects of the investors. Our interest is carried in particular to the overconfidence bias. Our objective in this study is to identify whether the excessive volatility of observed stocks on the Tunisian Stock Market (TSE) results from the excessive trading of overconfident investors. The analysis of the obtained results, over the period January 1999 – October 2007, indicates quite clearly the importance of considering this bias in analysis of the specificities of Tunisian Stock Market (TSE). It appears that overconfidence admits a more pronounced effect on the volatility for daily time intervals compared to weekly and monthly intervals.The asymmetric nature of the dynamics of return volatility in response to positive and negative shocks is also checked.
Naeem Ur Rehman Khattak , Muhammad Tariq
The failure of Bretton Woods system in 1970s diverted the attention of the researchers and policy makers from the orthodox wisdoms of elasticities, absorptions and Keynesian towards the new structuralist theories of contractionary depreciations. The present study has been carried out to test this contractionary hypothesis of real depreciations for Pakistan in the framework of a three version IS curve approach by using annual data over the period, 1973-2008. The main finding of the study is that real depreciation increases the output gap in Pakistan. The results also show that movement towards a more flexible exchange rate regimes also raises the output gap.
Alex Addae- Korankye
The study evaluated Microfinance as a tool for poverty reduction in Ghana using central region as a case study. A survey design involving quantitative, qualitative and participatory methods within the framework of impact assessment techniques was used. Simple random and stratified sampling methods were employed to select five Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) and one hundred microcredit beneficiaries. The study made use of both primary and secondary data. It was found out that though there are challenges microfinance has a positive impact on poverty reduction. Among the recommendations were that microfinance clients should be trained before and after disbursement of the loan; and also they should be effectively monitored. In addition to the above recommendations it was concluded that if the challenges facing the Microfinance sector (eg; inappropriate institutional arrangement, poor regulatory environment etc) are addressed microfinance will be a potent tool for poverty reduction not only in Ghana but all developing countries at large.
Zouheir ABIDA , Imen Mohamed SGHAIER
This paper examines the empirical relationship between economic growth and income inequality for 3 countries of North Africa (Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt) over the period 1970-2004. The results of this paper indicate that the long-run growth elasticity of income inequality is negative and significant implying that keeping other factors constant; more income inequality reduces economic growth. Moreover, this paper finds evidence that more physical and human capital investment and higher openness to trade have statistically significant impact on enhancing economic growth and reducing poverty.
Ongo Nkoa B. Emmanuel , Vukenkeng Andrew Wujung , Seppo Martin P. Emmanuel
Kai Shi , Li Nie , Yifei Cai , Yuan Wang
Mehdi Basirat , Fatemeh Aboodi , Abdulmajid Ahangari
Yen-Hsien Lee , Ting-Huei Liao , Chih-Ming Hsu
Hui-Na Lin , Wo-Chiang Lee
Bita Shaygani , Asghar Abolhasani Hastiani , Farhad Ghaffari , Mahdi Sadeghi shahdani , Mahdi Fadaee