Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

Published by: PAK Publishing Group
Online ISSN: 2313-8440
Print ISSN: 2409-2150
Total Citation: 4

Recent Articles

Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)

Pages: 1-11
Find References

Finding References


Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.1.11

Mohammad Ali Rahimipour Sheykhani Nejad , Farzaneh Nasiri Jan Agha , Sayedeh Sakineh Khatami , Yalda Fattahzadeh

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. A. Neisi, S. Veiseh, and H. Tardast, "Investigation the factors affecting the effectiveness of relief and rescue teams to respond to the crisi in Ilam Province," Journal of Rescue & Relief, vol. 6, pp. 83-95, 2014. View at Google Scholar 
  2. H. Panahi, "Compiling the essential drugs used in unexpected disasters," presented at the 3rd International Congress in Health and Management in Unexpected Disasters, 2008.
  3. A. Rashidi, M. A. Attar, S. Givechi, N. Nasbi, A. Hesari, and N. Nasabi, "Site selection of temporary housing after the earthquake using GIS and AHP techniques (Case Study: District 6, Shiraz City)," Journal of Urban Regional Studies and Research, vol. 5, pp. 101-118, 2013.
  4. C. Philippe, I. Thoma, D. Geraets, E. Goetghebeure, O. Janssens, D. Peeters, and F. Plastria, "Locating fire stations: An integrated approach for Belgium," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, vol. 46, pp. 173-182, 2012.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  5. S. A. Hosseini, O. Hosseini, N. Hamghadam, E. Zahmatkesh, and S. Delbari, "Localization of temporary settlement areas in the City of Rasht by using model of multi-criteria decision making (MCDM)," Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, vol. 5, pp. 1215-1217, 2013. View at Google Scholar 
  6. A. T. Murray, "Optimizing the spatial location of urban fire stations," Fire Safety Journal, vol. 62, pp. 64-71, 2013. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  7. M. Nouri, K. A. Rezaei, M. H. Heydari, and R. ShahriZad, "Recognition of zoning vulnerable areas about natural accidents with emphasis on crisis management in Hirmand city by merger AHP model in GIS enviorment," Disaster Prevention and Management Knowledge, vol. 6, pp. 224-236, 2016.
  8. A. Palash, "The role of environmental hazards and crisis management in land use planning (Case Study: Sistan area, Iran)," presented at the International Conference on Modern Research in Agricultural Science and Environment, Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 2015.
  9. G. Wang, L. Qin, G. Li, and L. Chen, "Landfill site selection using spatial information technologies and AHP: A case study in Beijing China," Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, pp. 2414-2421, 2009. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  10. E. W. T. Ngai and E. W. C. Chen, "Evaluation of knowledge management tools using AHP," Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 29, pp. 889-899, 2005. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  11. R. Al-Adamat, A. Diabat, and G. Shatnawi, "Combining GIS with multi-criteria decision making for sitting water harvesting ponds in Northern Jordan," Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 74, pp. 1471- 1477, 2010. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  12. M. Phua and M. Minowa, "A GIS-based multi-criteria decision making approach to forest conservation planning at a landscape scale: A case study in the Kinabalu Area, Sabah, Malaysia," Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 71, pp. 207–222, 2005. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
(2017). Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area). Review of Environment and Earth Sciences, 4(1): 1-11. DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.1.11
Guilan Province with vast forest resources and abundant rainfall which sometimes causes flooding, fires, road accidents and earthquakes, besides its tourist attraction, high population density and dispersion of rural areas has faced with the problems that necessitate emergency response centers against unexpected disaster with a balanced and equitable access. In order to select stationary and mobile station sites the potential risks were identified at first and then danger zones were determined. Nine major risks including floods, earthquakes, mass movements, fires, road accidents, snow and blizzards, marine incidents, avalanches and war were paired compared using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Then proper sites were determined based on required standards for establishing relief and rescue centers using the model LOGIC. Finally, 49 and 34 points were proposed for establishing stationary and mobile centers, respectively. Also the radius of effective range for each center was calculated based on a maximum response time to the incident.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which can be used as a template to optimal site selection for relief and rescue centers in rural areas of the Province.

Granulometric Study of the Lokoja Sandstone, Mid Niger Basin, Nigeria

Pages: 12-26
Find References

Finding References


Granulometric Study of the Lokoja Sandstone, Mid Niger Basin, Nigeria

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.12.26

Henry Y. Madukwe

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

  1. F. J. Pettijohn, Sedimentary rocks, 3rd ed. New York: Harper and Row, 1975.
  2. A. Basu, Provenance. In: Encyclopedia of sediments and sedimentary rocks (Ed. Middleton, G.V.). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003.
  3. P. D. Trask, Origin and environment of source sediments of petroleum. Houston: Gulf Pub. Co, 1932.
  4. D. L. Inman, "Measures for describing the size distribution of sediments," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 22, pp. 125-145, 1952. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  5. F. P. Shepard and D. G. Moore, "Central texas coast sedimentation: Characteristics of sedimentary environment, recent history and diagenesis: Part 2," American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, vol. 39, pp. 1463-1593, 1955.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  6. R. L. Folk and W. C. Ward, "Brazos river bar: A studv in the significance of gram size parameters," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 27, pp. 3-26, 1957. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  7. R. Passega, "Texture as characteristic of clastic deposition," American Association of Geologists Bulletin, vol. 41, pp. 1952-1984, 1957. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  8. C. C. Mason and R. L. Folk, "Differentiation of beach, dune and aeolian flat environments by grain size analysis, Mustang Island, Texas,"  Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 28, pp. 211-226, 1958. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  9. F. P. Shepard, "Gulf coast barriers. In: Recent sediments, Northwest Gulf of Mexico," American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, pp. 197-220, 1960.
  10. J. E. Callahan, "Heavy minerals in stream sediments from Churchill falls, labrador - an aid to bedrock mapping," Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 17, pp. 244-253, 1980. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  11. G. M. Friedman, "Distinction between Dune, Beach and river sands from their textural characteristics," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 31, pp. 514-529, 1961. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  12. R. Passega, "Grain size representation by CM patterns as a geological tool," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 34, pp. 830-847, 1964. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  13. G. M. Friedman, "Dynamic processes and statistical parameters compared for grain frequency distribution or beach and river sands," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 37, pp. 327-354, 1967. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  14. O. M. Friedman, "Address of the retiring President of the International Association of Sedimentologists: Differences in size distributions of populations of particles among sands of various origins," Sedimentology, vol. 26, pp. 3-32, 1979. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  15. B. K. Sahu, "Depositional mechanisms from the size analysis of clastic sediments," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 34, pp. 73-83, 1964. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  16. J. E. Klovan, "The use of factor analysis in determining depositional environments from grain-size distributions," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 36, pp. 115-125, 1966. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  17. R. Passega and R. Byrarnjee, "Grain-size image of clastic deposits," Sedimentology, vol. 13, pp. 233-252, 1969. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  18. G. S. Visher, "Grain size distribution and depositional processes," Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 39, pp. 1074-1106, 1969. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  19. J. T. Solohub and J. E. Klovan, "Evolution of grain-size parameters in lacustrine environments," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 40, pp. 81-101, 1970. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  20. A. Tiara and P. Scholle, "Discrimination of depositional environments using settling tube data," Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 49, pp. 787-799, 1979.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  21. P. G. Sly, R. L. Thomas, and B. R. Pelletier, "Interpretation of measures derived from water laid sediments," Sedimentology., vol. 30, pp. 219-233, 1983. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  22. R. D. Russell, "Mineral composition of Mississippi River sands," Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol. 48, pp. 1307-1348, 1937. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  23. N. M. Shukri, "The mineralogy of some Nile sediments," Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, vol. 105, pp. 511-534, 1949. View at Publisher
  24. T. H. Van Andel, Provenance, transport and deposition of Rhine sediments: A heavy mineral study on river sands from the drainage area of the Rhine. The Netherlands: Veenman en Zonen, Wageningen, 1950.
  25. A. C. Morton and D. Smale, "The effects of transport and weathering on heavy minerals from the Cascade River, New Zealand," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 68, pp. 117-123, 1990. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  26. A. C. Morton and M. J. Johnsson, Factors influencing the composition of detrital heavy mineral suites in Holocene sands of the Apure River drainage basin, Venezuela. In: M.J. Johnsson and A. Basu (Editors), Processes controlling the composition of clastic sediments. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America Special Paper, 1993.
  27. P. Allen and M. Mange-Rajetzky, "Sediment dispersal and palaeohydraulics of Oligocene rivers in the Eastern Ebro Basin," Sedimentology, vol. 29, pp. 705-716, 1982. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  28. J. Preston, "The provenance of Triassic continental sandstones from the Beryl Field, Northern North Sea: Mineraological, geochemical, and sedimentological constraints," Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 72, pp. 18-29, 2002.
  29. R. M. Flores and G. L. Shidler, "Factors controlling heavy mineral variations on the South texas outer continental shelf," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 48, pp. 269-280, 1978. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  30. M. A. Mange-Rajetzky, "Sediment dispersal from source to shelf on an active continental margin, S. Turkey," Marine Geology, vol. 52, pp. 1-26, 1983.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  31. T. Weissbrod and J. Nachmias, "Stratigraphic significance of heavy minerals in the Late Precambrian- Mesozoic clastic sequence (Nubian Sandstone) in the Near East," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 47, pp. 263-291, 1986. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  32. A. C. Morton, B. Humphreys, D. A. Dharmayanti, and Sundoro, "Palaeogeographic implications of the heavy mineral distribution in Miocene sandstones of the North Sumatra Basin," Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, vol. 10, pp. 177-190, 1994. View at Publisher
  33. A. C. Morton, Provenance of brent group sandstones: Heavy mineral constraints. In: A.C. Morton, R.S. Haszeldine, R.S. Giles and S. Brown (Editors), Geology of the brent group. London: Geological Society of London, 1992.
  34. J. C. Lihou and M. A. Mange-Rajetzky, "Provenance of the Sardona Flysch, Eastern Swiss Alps: Example of high-resolution heavy mineral analysis applied to an ultrastable assemblage," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 105, pp. 141-157, 1996. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  35. D. R. Adeleye, "Stratigraphy and Sedimentation of the upper cretaceous strata around Bida, Nigeria," University of Ibadan, Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, 1971.
  36. D. R. Adeleye and T. F. J. Dessauvagie, Stratigraphy of the Niger embayment, near Bida, Nigeria. In: Dessauvagie, T.F.J., Whiteman, A.J. (Eds.), African geology: University of Ibadan Press, 1972.
  37. D. R. Adeleye, "Sedimentology of the fluvial Bida Sandstones (Cretaceous) Nigeria," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 12, pp. 1-24, 1974.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  38. R. E. Jan Du Chene, O. S. Adegoke, S. A. Adediran, and S. W. Petters, "Palynology and foraminifera of the Lokoja Sandstone (Maastrichtian), Bida Basin, Nigeria," Revista Espanola de Micropaleontotologia, vol. 10, pp. 379 – 393, 1978. View at Google Scholar 
  39. S. O. Akande, O. J. Ojo, and K. Ladipo, Upper cretaceous sequences in the Southern Bida Basin, Nigeria. A field guidebook. Ibadan: Mosuro Publishers, 2005.
  40. O. J. Ojo and S. O. Akande, "Sedimentological and palynological studies of the patti formation. Southeastern Bida Basin, Nigeria: Implications for paleoenvironments and paleogeography," Nigeria Association of Petroleum Explorationists Bulletin, vol. 19, pp. 61-77, 2006. View at Google Scholar 
  41. O. J. Ojo and S. O. Akande, "Microfloral assemblage, age and paleoenvironment of the upper cretaceous Patti formation, South Eastern Bida Basin, Nigeria," Journal of Mining and Geology, vol. 44, pp. 71-82, 2008. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  42. S. B. Ojo and D. E. Ajakaiye, Preliminary interpretation of gravity measurements in the Middle Niger Basin area, Nigeria, In: (CA Kogbe, Ed.). Lagos: Geology of Nigeria, Elizabethan Publishing Co, 1976.
  43. C. A. Kogbe, D. E. Ajakaiye, and G. Matheis, "Confirmation of rift structure along the middle- Niger Valley, Nigeria," Journal of African Earth Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 127-131, 1981.
  44. S. B. Ojo and D. E. Ajakaiye, Preliminary interpretation of gravity measurements in the middle Nıger Basin are, Nigeria. In: Kogbe, C.A. (Ed.), Geology of Nigeria, 2nd ed. Lagos: Elizabethan Publishing Company, 1989.
  45. J. O. Idowu and E. I. Enu, "Petroleum geochemistry of some late cretaceous shale from the Lokoja Sandstone of Middle Niger Basin, Nigeria," Journal of African Earth Sciences, vol. 14, pp. 443–455, 1992.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  46. N. G. Obaje, M. K. Musa, A. N. Odoma, and H. Hamza, "The Bida Basin in North-Central Nigeria: Sedimentology and petroleum geology," Journal of Petroleum and Gas Exploration Research, vol. 1, pp. 001-013, 2011. View at Google Scholar 
  47. J. Osokpor and J. Okiti, "Sedimentological and paleodepositional studies of outcropping sediments in parts of Southern Middle Niger Basin," International Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 2, pp. 840-846, 2013. View at Google Scholar 
  48. H. A. Jones, "The oolitic ironstone of Agbaja Plateau, Kabba Province," Record of the Geological Survey of Nigeria, pp. 20 – 43, 1958.
  49. S. B. Ojo, "Middle Niger Basin revisited: Magnetic constraints on gravity interpretations," presented at the Abstract, 20th Conference of the Nigeria Mining and Geosciences Society, Nsukka, 1984.
  50. S. P. Braide, "Syntectonic fluvial sedimentation in the central Bida Basin," Journal of Mining and Geology, vol. 28, pp. 55-64, 1992. View at Google Scholar 
  51. L. C. King, "Speculations upon the outline and the mode of disruption of Gondwanaland," Geological Magazine, vol. 87, pp. 353–359, 1950.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  52. W. Q. Kennedy, "The influence of basement structure on the evolution of the coastal (Mesozoic and Tertiary) basins. In: Recent Basins around Africa," in Proceedings of the Institute of Petroleum Geologists Society, London, 1965, pp. 35–47.
  53. A. Whiteman, Nigeria: Its petroleum geology, resources and potential vol. 1 and 2. London: Graham and Trotman, 1982.
  54. S. P. Braide, "Geological development, origin and energy mineral resource potential of the Lokoja formation in the Southern Bida Basin," Journal of Mining and Geology, vol. 28, pp. 33-44, 1992. View at Google Scholar 
  55. W. Russ, "The Minna-Birnin Gwari belt," Report of Geological Survey of Nigeria, 1930.
  56. T. F. G. Dessauvagie, "Explanatory note to the geological map of Nigeria, scale 1: 1,000,000," Journal of Mining Geology Nigerian Meteorological Society, vol. 9, p. 28, 1975.
  57. G. Nichols, Sedimentology and stratigraphy, 2nd ed. UK: Wiley-Blackwell Publishers, 2009.
  58. L. R. Martins, "Significance of skewness and kurtosis in environmental interpretation," Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 35, pp. 768-770, 1965.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  59. L. R. Martins, Aspestio texturais e deposicionais dos sedimentos praicias e eolicos da planicie costera do Rio Grande do sul. Escola de Geologia vol. 13: Publicacao Especial, 1967.
  60. A. K. Awasthi, "Skewness as an environmental indicator in the Solami River system rookec India," Sedimentary Geology, vol. 4, pp. 177-183, 1970. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  61. D. S. Cronan, "Skewness and kurtosis in polymodal sediments from Irish Sea," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 42, pp. 102-106, 1972. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  62. >G. M. Friedman, "Distinction between dune, beach, and river sands from their textural characteristics," Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, vol. 31, pp. 514-529, 1961. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  63. R. L. Folk, "A review of the grain size parameters," Sedimentology, vol. 6, pp. 73–93, 1966. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  64. S. J. Boggs, Petrology of sedimentary rocks, 2nd ed. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  65. J. Baruah, P. Kotoky, and J. Sarma, "Textural and geochemical study on river sediments: A case study on the Jhanji River, Assam," Journal of the Indian Association of Sedimentologists, vol. 16, pp. 195–206, 1997.
  66. A. K. Ray, S. C. Tripathy, S. Patra, and V. V. Sarma, "Assessment of Godavari Estuarine mangrove ecosystem through trace metal studies," Environment International, vol. 32, pp. 219–223, 2006. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  67. G. M. Friedman, "On sorting, sorting coeflicients, and the lognormality of the grain-size distribution of sandstones," Journal of Geology, vol. 70, pp. 737-753, 1962. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  68. R. Moiola and D. Weiser, "Textural parameters: An evaluation," Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 38, pp. 45-53, 1968. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  69. E. Mycielska-Dowgiałło, Metody badań cech teksturalnych osadów klastycznych i wartość interpretacyjna wyników [Research methods for textural features of clastic deposits and the significance of interpretational results]. [In:] E. Mycielska-Dowgiałło & J. Rutkowski (Eds): Badania cech teksturalnych osadów czwartorzędowych i wybrane metody oznaczania ich wieku [Research into the textural features of quaternary sediments and some dating methods]. Warsaw: The Family Alliance School of Higher Education Press, 2007.
  70. E. Mycielska-Dowgiałło and M. Ludwikowska-Kędzia, "Alternative interpretations of grain-size data from quaternary deposits," Geologos, vol. 17, pp. 189–203, 2011. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  71. M. Ludwikowska-Kędzia, Ewolucja środkowego odcinka doliny rzeki Belnianki w późnym glacjale i holocenie [Evolution of the middle segment of the Belnianka River valley in the Late Glacial and Holocene]. Warsaw: Dialog Press, 2000.
  72. S. J. Blott and P. Kenneth, "Gradistat: A grain size distribution and statistics package for the analysis of unconsolidated sediments," Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, vol. 26, pp. 1237-1248, 2001. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
(2017). Granulometric Study of the Lokoja Sandstone, Mid Niger Basin, Nigeria. Review of Environment and Earth Sciences, 4(1): 12-26. DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.12.26
Grain size studies of the Campanian-Maastrichtian Lokoja Formation have been investigated. The sand particles exhibit low sphericity which are angular to sub-angular. Histograms showed unimodal and bimodal trends and is predominantly asymmetrical with varying modal class, which may be due to variation in transporting medium energy. The graphic mean ranges from 0.1ф (coarse grained) to 1.35ф (medium grained) while the is average 0.81ф (coarse grained). The dominance of coarse grained particles and dearth of fine sands implies strong to moderate energy conditions during deposition. The standard deviation ranges from 0.08ф-0.60ф (very well sorted to moderately well sorted); average of 0.40ф (well sorted), which may be due to rapid back and forth movement of the depositing medium. The skewness ranges between -0.39 and 0.59 (strongly coarse skewed to strongly fine skewed), while the graphic kurtosis ranges between 0.77 and 2.5 indicating playtykurtic to very leptokurtic and this variation may be due to some of the deposits being sorted in high-energy environment elsewhere. A Bivariate plot (simple skewness vs. standard deviation) shows the samples plotting mainly in the river sand zone. Another plot of mean size vs. standard deviation also shows the samples appearing in the river sand zone; other granulometric parameters that discriminates between river channel deposits, overbank deposits and overbank-pool deposits shows that the Lokoja sandstones plotted in the river channel zone. Linear discriminant analyses signpost a shallow marine beach environment. From the Passega diagram, majority of the samples plotted outside the featured fields, only three samples plotted within the diagnostic parameter zone around the uniform suspension-SR zone.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing literature on the sandstone facies of the Lokoja Formation in the Mid Niger Basin based on granulometric parameters to establish the depositional environment of the sandstone and sedimentary process that occurred during deposition.